Dr. Gereboff's Head Notes
Our school is an exciting example of how pluralism works in a faith-based institution. Pluralism in this context means a setting where people with different beliefs and backgrounds can find common ground for a particular purpose. Our purpose is engaging children in an education that is compelling, challenging, enduring and foundational. What are the values that address this context?
A few years ago, one of our thoughtful parents asked me to name four Jewish values that shape our school. Since that conversation, my staff and I have had some time to think and rethink which values best support our community. It has been an iterative process of thinking about what we do and linking that to a value, and then looking at the value and seeing how could we strengthen that in the education program. From my perspective, the how-to of balancing the differences that bear on our common purpose rests on four core Jewish values that shape both the curriculum and how we all interact on a daily basis.
The first and most easily seen value is that of kehillah (community). We have built an intentional community with opportunities for everyone in the community – children, parents, staff, alumni and donors – to know each other in multiple ways and in different roles inside and outside of school. Within the school, chavurot are a vehicle for every child and teacher in the school to know students who are in different grades, and for older children to assume leadership roles. The volunteer chai-hours that we expect our parents to complete actually serve the purpose of building community as parents get to know parents of children from different grades. Our ambassador programs for children and for parents connect the people within the community to those visiting or considering becoming a part of the community.
The Jewish value that best represents our academic efforts in a pluralistic school is t’vunah (wisdom/discernment). In all cases, this value supports our focus on critical thinking where children learn to find assumptions in different arguments and develop their own thinking knowing that it too is shaped by values and assumptions. In Judaic Studies, students are pushed to think about and to respect different perspectives, to understand “Jewish” in a global context and to see Jewish texts as inspiration for our moral commitments. Best examples of how this value occurs would be the fall harvest unit in kindergarten that begins with the Jewish holiday of Sukkot and continues looking at other harvest festivals from around the world and the comparative religions units in the middle school. Similarly, our 8th grade Israel trip is designed to answer the question of “what are the different identities that make up Israeli society and how does that effect societal issues?” General and Jewish Studies are taught as a vehicle for discernment (t’vunah) not as doctrine.
Emphasis on Tzedek (social justice) has always been a commitment of our school that goes far beyond food drives and visits to senior centers. Our school is known (not only among Jewish institutions but also within the larger San Francisco Bay area) for the 7th grade Tzedakah program. This program is an interdisciplinary unit taught by several teachers – English, Social Studies and Judaic Studies. Students identify values that are salient for them and their families – for example, values about the environment, health care, hunger, homelessness, race, prison injustices and third world humanitarian issues. Students then locate a local non-profit organization that works in the area of their interest. They interview a representative of the organization, volunteer for the organization throughout the year and ultimately develop a public advocacy piece for their organization. Their research for their advocacy piece includes a dive into Jewish texts that address their particular value.
The value of Kedusha (holiness) permeates the school in the way we talk about and experience daily prayer, as well as in the way we interact as a community. The concept of kedusha implies that we elevate our interactions and our actions throughout the day to represent the best of humanity. Our prayer services emphasize gratitude, celebration and interpersonal values. They are spirited, introspective and joyous – and they set our intentions for the day. All communication among the different constituencies within the school is premised on the concept of b’tzelem elokim (the idea that godliness resides in every individual). The language we teach and use to help children and adults critique and edit their work – “I appreciate, I wonder, I notice” – fits into this value of kedusha.
Recently I’ve been reading about societal trends in the United States with respect to engagement with faith-based institutions. Rabbi Sid Schwartz of Kenissa, an organization that connects people and institutions that are leading efforts to re-define Jewish life, has written a book called Jewish Megatrends: Charting the Course of the American Jewish Future. Coincidentally, he wrote about the same four values that I’ve identified above. Rabbi Schwartz is leading an effort to bring together forward thinking Jewish organizations to analyze and test his thesis about the impact of these four values on our organizations. He has reached out to me to join this national think tank, and I will be joining a group of other forward-thinking heads of institutions to analyze this thesis. I look forward to learning from the other participants and bringing back and sharing new insights from this experience with you.
It’s time to be a bit introspective as we enter the New Year of 2018 and as we conclude an intense period of time filled with celebration, family time and good cheer. I wonder how many of us ever have conversations with friends, family, or spouses about the meaning of life? Do people wonder about why we’re here and what our purpose is? Questions about meaning and purpose preoccupy philosophers and clergy. Yet, people often engage in meaning-making though they might not label it as such as they try to understand why things work as they do or attempt to follow logical arguments to gain clarity about experiences. Do we think deeply about the meaning of life in a way that creates a path of action and a sense of purpose for our children?
I’ve written before about the work of Denise Pope and Madeline Levine with respect to defining success, and I noted that the discussions about success are directly tied to “meaning of life” questions. Pope and Levine point to the large spike in stress-related issues (including depression, anxiety, suicides and addictions) among middle class adolescents as symptomatic of our simplistic definitions of success. They note that the definition of success for many students and families are admittance to “the right” school or the attainment of “the” athletic scholarship. If they fail to attain that goal, they are crushed, and if they attain the goal, they lack clarity about “what’s next?” They don’t have multiple paths of action nor a sense of purpose.
When I considered Pope and Levine’s work, I wrote:
School needs to be structured to engage meaning-of-life questions so children can develop their purpose. Children need time to ask “why” questions - Why is there order in nature? Why are there wars? Why are some people heroic? Why did my pet die? and they need to explore possible answers. Different responses to “whys”, present different answers about the purpose in life helping children think about the future that they might create.
Faith-based schools like Wornick have the means to engage in this sort of thinking. Our program is structured so that students have the content knowledge they need to find their vocation, and a language to express wonder and gratitude. Above all, a Wornick education sets students on a journey encouraging them to explore the “whys” of life. Our goal is to provide multiple paths through this journey as we open up a sense of purpose. Our answers are tentative since that is all that we can honestly offer, and that sense of purpose may change over time. But simply engaging students in thinking about purpose is an important goal. We relish the opportunity to work in partnership with our families in helping students along this journey.
I wish you all a meaningful 2018,
Last Sunday night, I received the following email from a first grade parent:
When your Sunday plans include a meal inspired by your daughter’s weekly library book...it looks something like this:
- She picked out a recipe she wanted to try.
- Made a grocery list of the needed ingredients, after searching the pantry and refrigerator for items she READ in the book.
- She convinced her mom to schlep her and her two younger siblings to the grocery store and navigated to find the items on her list...crossing off each one off of her list with a pencil in her hand!
- Counted the basil leaves, pine nuts and measured the “pinch” of salt (after a discussion of how much a pinch should be!)
- Ate a new food! Enjoyed it and felt proud too that her brothers and Ema all enjoyed it too.
Wow! What a return on a weekly library book choice.
The note generated a smile. It also offered a clear example of what educators call “project-based learning” replicating how our teachers structure many of their classroom units. Project-based learning entails an authentic (real-life) task, a series of steps that engage basic knowledge of language arts, mathematics, and/or science and a final useful product. But this story also demonstrates Wornick’s vision about homework.
One of the most frequent questions asked by prospective parents is “What is your homework policy?” I used to say “reading 20 minutes each night, never new material; and always meaningful review.” Even when saying this, I knew that there was something flawed in that answer.
The efficacy of homework has been debated among American educators, parents and students for as long as I’ve been in education. In an article in the New Yorker a few years ago, Louis Menand laid out the different sides of the debate. Those against homework argue that it creates undue stress and that it is either unrelated, or negatively related, to academic achievement. Menand notes that parents hate it because it makes their kids unhappy, or creates undue dinner-time tension. Students and teachers hate it for other reasons. Those who support homework argue that it creates useful work habits and has positive academic effects.
So what does the American ambivalence about homework mean? The answer lies in our understanding of the purpose of education, as well as in balancing the role of school and home in controlling and prioritizing our time.
We have diverse interests with different expectations about the purpose of education and, consequently different understandings of what role homework should play in that equation. If the goal of education is continuous learning and discovery, then homework will promote that while teaching them the skills they need to do that on their own. If primacy is given to the need to cover and to know large amounts of information, then the homework will emphasize memorizing and practicing skills.
We also have different understandings of the home/school balance in educating our children. Some families want all school-work to take place during the time that children are in school, leaving families time to enjoy dinner and bedtime routines without layering homework into a busy family schedule. Others want children to continue doing schoolwork at home. Some want this because it offers the parent a window into the child’s work, and others because they believe this is good discipline.
Back to my traditional answer to the homework question, and why it is flawed. That answer doesn’t address differentiation - meeting each child’s unique learning style and capacity. It doesn’t account for the sort of education that our school promotes – continuous discovery. The answer to how much time to allocate to homework is different for every single child. Children have different capacities and learn at different rates. One child may complete a particular assignment in 10 minutes while another might need much longer.
The answer should be that time devoted to homework is usually a function of children’s learning differences, preferences and capacities. It is possible that a particular child is so engaged in figuring out a particular problem that s/he willingly devotes more time to that endeavor. His/her parent might be unnecessarily concerned about how long the child spent on this work. At the opposite end of the spectrum, there might be a child who completes an assignment in a few minutes, and the parent wishes that s/he had more work. These concerns are often about who gets to control “time” – the teacher, the parent or the child. That control should be balanced.
Time allocation is one issue. The other issue focuses on the assumptions behind the practice of never assigning new work for homework. That idea is premised on the belief that the child might make mistakes, or might become too frustrated because s/he is not learning the material first from a teacher. This answer is also connected to the desire to control rather than understanding how deep learning takes place. We know that sustained learning takes place through exploration, mistakes and revisions. So, why aren’t we letting children explore new material for homework? Why can’t they turn in something that is “in process” and is not perfect?
The homework debate is never really a question of too much or too little even as it is often framed that way. It is a question about “to what end?” My new way to answer the prospective parent’s question is by sharing the questions and the resulting answers that drive our school’s position – What sort of education do we value, and how do we deliver that education?
We value 21st Century learners who have command of different literacies, take initiative, and know how to create, communicate, and collaborate. We value an education where children have agency to choose to learn and to advocate for what they value. Equally important, we value an education that teaches children how to listen, care, and act for the benefit of others. Given that, homework at our school could include hours of collaboration over a Google document on a project conceived by the students. It can also include a child interviewing his/her parents about a family narrative. To fulfill our mission of teaching students to communicate and to problem-solve effectively, there might be a spelling list and some mathematic practice as well.
If we really want an informed citizenship that takes responsibility for their learning and for their actions, the best case scenario is learning without boundaries: Children who are so engaged at school that they can’t wait to get home to replicate something they learned at school, or to finish reading a class book, to extend a science experiment, or continue writing in their journal. That is what was so precious about the story of the first grader. She couldn’t wait to get home and apply her learning in a pretty complex way. We know that our parents understand that this is authentic homework.
Today our students were greeted by a large temporary structure sitting in the middle of their rose garden. The structure - the sukkah - is reconstructed every year by a group of volunteer parents, and the children will decorate it over the next couple of days.
The sukkah is a flimsy outdoor structure designed to recreate the huts used during the fall harvest of Biblical times. The building, and the use of the sukkah continues as a central practice of this week-long celebration. Many people in our community will build their own backyard sukkot (plural of sukkah). People will eat their meals in the sukkah, welcome guests into their sukkot, study, and some will sleep in theirs.
Throughout the years, many meanings have been attached to the structure. The two that most resonate for me are stewardship of nature and welcoming guests. Both of these are replete with social-emotional lessons for our children.
In the first case, we leave the comfort of our homes to experience the beauty and vulnerability to the elements. One of the requirements of a sukkah is that the roof of the structure be open enough to see the stars and the full moon. Some wind, cool temperatures, or a bird swooping down near our table might interrupt our meal. Spending time in the sukkah reminds us to pay attention to nature’s bounty, as it also underscores our vulnerability to nature. In all of this, we are reminded of our role in protecting the environment.
The second aspect of the sukkah that I find particularly meaningful is that of welcoming guests. We are expected to welcome guests to enjoy the simple pleasure of being with friends, family and strangers. Included in this idea of welcoming is the thought that our lives become more meaningful as we connect to others. Not only that we connect, but also that we go out of our way to welcome others even if we have a rag-tag set of chairs and flimsy walls. It’s about valuing people over things.
There is even the tradition of “inviting” guests from the past. This is called ushpeizen. In this custom, guests at the table think about guests from the past who they would like to bring to the table. Typically, heroes from the past are invited and the guests then have a conversation about the questions they would like to ask that person and how they think that person might respond.
Wornick students will hear these different messages throughout the week. Embedded in the practice of sukkot, and overtly taught, are essential components of the social emotional learning that we espouse – gratitude, generosity, and anticipation of the needs of others.
Chag Sameach (Happy Holiday)
We live in a hotbed of creative thinkers – the creatives who have fueled the formidable Bay Area technology industry, or those numerous titans of Stanford and UC Berkeley who have received Nobel prizes for their work. Many people think that the creativity represented by such thinkers and tinkerers is innate or that their notoriety is result of the luck of being in the right place at the right time. Current research challenges these assumptions asserting that creativity can be cultivated.
Many of us grew up thinking that the “creative” part of school resided in the arts. But we know now that creativity crosses all disciplines. Visionary educators, like Ken Robinson, write compellingly about the need to re-envision schools as places that nurture creative mindsets. Adam Grant’s recent book, Originals (Penguin Books, 2016) similarly unpacks the creative process and offers advice to parents and teachers about how to develop creative mindsets.
Creativity is a disposition that generates original ideas. It depends upon, and simultaneously fuels, imagination and empathy. It is an iterative process that calls for questioning, experimenting, questioning again and refining.
Wornick is one of those forward thinking schools that leads the way in nurturing creative mindsets. We do it by teaching through questioning in all disciplines, by our emphasis on project-based learning where students dig into compelling topics of their choice and by teaching our students the practice of critiquing and refining work. Robinson points to the importance of opening up students to new experiences beyond the walls of their school. Our outdoor education trips do just that.
The most exciting development in our quest to nurture creativity is the new Peleh lab. The Peleh lab is a place where children have the opportunity to imagine and to test their ideas. Sometimes they will use cutting edge technology like 3-D printers, robotic and VR equipment and other times they will use very simple tools like hammers and nails or thread and cloth to create. Most importantly, since we know that creativity is a mindset, the Peleh lab supports the nurturing of creativity throughout the curriculum and in all grades.
The equipment that was chosen for the new playground also feeds the creative spirit in each child. It is filled with active and quiet types of equipment – all open-ended so that children of all ages can imagine whatever they wish. It should not be a surprise that the marketing group that has been working with us over the summer suggested the following tagline for the school – “Inspiring Curiousity, Sustaining Wonder, Growing Connections”. All three concepts point to a school that is in the business of nurturing creativity.
Two very different experiences from this past week sharpened my thinking about Wornick’s mission and about our goals for the year ahead. The first experience was living through the images and discussions about Charlottesville, and the second was a prideful moment where I watched a Wornick alumna assume a leadership position among a roomful of formidable adult leaders.
Our mission states that we “develop students who are socially and academically prepared to meet their full potential as engaged leaders committed to a life steeped in Jewish ethics and values.” In every grade we develop units that assure that we can deliver on this mission. It starts with young children knowing how to welcome an adult by looking them in the eye, shaking their hand, identifying themselves and sharing insights from the class. It continues through yearly, and ever increasingly difficult presentations and debates culminating in the 8th grade capstone portfolio presentations.
Each one of these “leadership development” units focus on both academic skills needed to accomplish the goal and social-emotional skills to understand and work with other people. Each is also layered with core Jewish values like the dignity of each person (btzelem elokim).
When I observed the rhetoric surrounding the horrific events in Charlottesville and when I connected that to the talking points and actions on all sides of the political spectrum over the past year, it was clear that we, as a nation, need to double down on the “people skills” critical to effective leadership, and on core values about human dignity. It is what we do at Wornick, and it’s what we need to assert.
All week long, commentators, politicians and ordinary people spoke in binary terms – either for or against, either winners or losers, either right or wrong. I’m not so naïve to think that there are no boundaries – hate speech is reprehensible and needs to be marginalized, if not shut down. But shouting at each other will never work. We seem to be curdled in positions that allow no room to build common cause and no room for nuance. We really don’t know our neighbors on any deep level. We often judge “the other” hastily and dismissively and we are sure that our side is the right one. Into that vacuum rides the most heinous, ossified emotion – hate. The only antidote to hate that I know is captured well by Steinbeck, “Try to understand men. If you understand each other you will be kind to each other. Knowing a man well never leads to hate and almost always leads to love.”
On Wednesday night after having heard the frightful rhetoric of the Neo Nazis days before, I was attending a dinner for the Jewish Muslim leadership group. The Jewish and Muslim community have had a very long productive history over many centuries. That relationship shattered in the last century as positions about Israel and Palestinians hardened. Small groups of Jewish and Muslim leaders in the Bay area (and in many other areas across the country) have been working aggressively in the past two years to reclaim our relationship with one another. It is difficult work for groups who may have seen each other as “enemies” to come together in friendship - willing to learn each other’s narrative, willing to understand nuance.
And at my table on Wednesday night sat Sophie B. along with other leaders from the Jewish and Muslim community. Sophie was one of two young college-aged students in a room of about 80 adult leaders. I was filled with great pride, as Sophie, this young thoughtful leader, participated in our conversations that a mere year ago might never have been possible. At our table were Muslim women in hijab – one originally from Saudi Arabia, one from Egypt and another from Pakistan, two Rabbis and a President of a local Jewish organization. The evening was inspiring as we discussed our next steps as a grass roots organization.
Sophie is a Wornick graduate who just completed a gap year in Israel on Kivunim and left this weekend for her freshman year at Wesleyan University. She is one of many examples of the success of a Wornick education. She is a leader who is thoughtful, respectful and an effective questioner and listener. All of these skills were set at Wornick. That night was the antidote that I needed to process the events from the beginning of that week. It was about relationship building and about the promise of a Wornick education.
I wish us all a successful 2017-18 as we prepare the next generation of leaders to repair our broken world.
Did we pass our test? Our school promises more than high levels of literacy and numeracy.
We promise graduates who know how to:
- think – analyze, weigh evidence, understand multiple perspectives.
- advocate for themselves and for social betterment.
- collaborate to create something greater than what one person could accomplish.
- express gratitude.
- celebrate their accomplishments.
- speak more than one language.
In grades K-7, we can see those promises budding. But the ultimate evidence that we’ve met our goals appears in the accomplishments of our graduating class.
The graduates’ final assessment to proving that they met these objectives began in earnest last year when they presented their Tzedakah projects. It continued throughout this year as students assumed leadership in Chavurot, as they demonstrated their understanding of the Civil War, as they created their models of atoms, and when they presented to the sixth and seventh graders their analyses of various social/political/ economic trends that they studied and observed in Israel, and when they communicated with their Israeli peers. The final steps in this assessment process is the portfolio presentations that took place last week.
I want to linger for a moment on the portfolio assessments. The eighth graders are charged with creating a portfolio that provides a glimpse of their best self as a reader, a writer, and a critical thinker. Each student selects four artifacts drawn from three years in middle school and from core subjects and electives. In their reflective writings about these artifacts, they consider a quality, trait or practice that had become important in their growth in middle school. Their portfolio reflections demonstrated how that quality was exemplified in the artifacts they selected. Each student presents their work both in written form and in a public presentation.
The clarity of thinking and writing in the reflections, and the quality of the artifacts this year were astonishing for thirteen and fourteen year olds – A credit to our teachers and to the students’ hard work. The range of artifacts was also notable – science fair projects, a carefully wrought ceramic vase, a“TED Talk”, a dance video, a 7th grade Islam Documentary, a bridge project, an English poetry slam poem, a Tzedakah project, a Hebrew dictionary, and so many more.
In each portfolio, we could see clearly each student’s pride in finding his/her voice and passion. Each 8th grader talked about the skill or value that became most important in realizing success – eight chose critical thinking. They spoke about critical thinking in terms of collecting and knowing one’s evidence and digging below the surface to be able to analyze that evidence. Other students focused on perseverance – the importance of pushing to some goal even when struggling with that goal. Three students selected the skill of advocacy, while four others attributed their successes to having learned time management. Collaboration, growth mindset and creativity were also chosen.
The portfolios demonstrated all that we promise – critical thinking, collaboration and advocacy. The portfolio experience holds lessons for each of us – it serves as a paradigm for the sort of life that we hope our graduates will live…a life framed by these four ideas:
- Look back – to consider where you came from…what you began with....so you can see how far you have come.
- Seek public feedback for your work – allow yourself that vulnerability and trust in others to help you become your better self.
- Reflect honestly about what you’ve accomplished and ask yourself about what you still need to do.
- Remember to edit – get to the essence of life, let go of the extraneous…and let the successes rise to the top.
I wish you all a refreshing summer break.
A few weeks ago, I walked into a fifth grade Hebrew class and one of the students asked me “What are we doing today?” The question was unusual because it was asked conversationally in Hebrew – with correct grammar, syntax and accent. Just a year ago, I would not have expected the question in perfect Hebrew nor would I have expected a student to engage me in a conversation in Hebrew.
This story is a result of the Shalom Ivrit initiative that we have engaged in for the past three years. This initiative has included intensive professional development and coaching in second language learning and assessment for our Hebrew language staff, a rewriting of our expected outcomes and grade level standards, a commitment to an immersive approach focused on language production and in increase in the use of Hebrew language throughout the school. This year, we also initiated a standardized assessment in Hebrew language to gauge school-wide progress.
From time to time, parents ask, “why the emphasis on Hebrew?...shouldn’t we consider teaching another more widely spoken language?” We do offer Spanish as an elective in the middle school, and there are several profound reasons for teaching Hebrew in the younger grades. The two most obvious reasons resonate instinctively for some of our families. Hebrew mastery connects students to the soul of Jewish history, culture and tradition; and Hebrew is the international and cross-generational Jewish language.
Not everyone finds these arguments persuasive. Yet there are other compelling reasons that have less to do with Jewish life and more to do with 21st century learning. There is substantial research about the efficacy of learning any second language – there are benefits in cognitive development, problem solving, executive functioning, and creative thinking.
There is also substantive research claiming that the more complex languages (such as those with very different alphabets and syntax) like Hebrew offer more cognitive benefits than learning a language closer to one’s mother tongue. Additionally, children who master a complex language well are highly receptive to acquiring multi-lingual proficiency in the years to come.
Our school is part of a very small, but growing number of schools across the country that are promoting research based second language learning for young children.
Children who study an additional language in elementary school perform well in divergent, creative and higher order thinking. Knowing more than one language ultimately opens up more opportunities in the global marketplace.
Jewish day schools have historically taught a second language, with a focus on synagogue literacy skills. While our students will have synagogue literacy skills, our teaching of Hebrew is based on best practices recommended by the American Council of the Teaching of Foreign Languages with a focus on speaking and comprehension. Our goal is for our graduates to attain proficiency at a level that will allow graduates to converse with Israeli peers in simple conversations. From the conversations that are blossoming in every grade across the school, we are well on our way to achieving this goal.
I learned this week that a few of our current eighth grade students have made arrangements to continue their Hebrew for credit in their public high schools next year. That too is a positive outcome of the Shalom Ivrit initiative.
The countdown has begun for Jews to prepare for Passover, for Christians to get ready for Easter and for Muslims to plan for Ramadan. Most of us have little familiarity with anything but the most superficial trappings of each other’s traditions. Yet the overlapping themes, and practices that focus, among other things, on values—on becoming our better selves—are rarely engaged.
These holidays mark a defining moment for each religion. For Jews, Passover is the central motif of liberation from slavery and the beginning of a period of self-determination. For Christians, Easter is the core resurrection narrative. Ramadan in practice and theme is more closely aligned to the Jewish preparation and introspection connected to the fall Jewish High Holy Days.
For so many Americans, religion has played out in a private sphere, among family within faith communities. People often comment “I’m not religious…but I was born…a ----------- (insert religion)” And religion is often seen as something that divides us or something “I’m not.”
It seems to me that, now more than ever, understanding of religion could be the platform to unite rather than to divide. Our society could benefit from understanding the epic narratives of various religions along with key values of empathy, care for those who suffer, and service, that are promoted so strongly in each religion.
The human condition is fraught with big questions: Why do we exist? What is our purpose in life? Why do we die? Why is there hate and evil? Religions try to address these questions. In addressing these questions, Christianity, Judaism and Islam share common sources, common values while maintaining different orientations to the world.
Up until today, I knew little about Muslim traditions and their connection to Jewish practices and Jewish texts. On Sunday I participated in the annual (third year) Muslim Jewish seder. It wasn’t so much a seder as an enactment of parallel Torah and Koranic texts about the exodus narrative. Sitting around tables equally populated with Muslims and Jews, I engaged in conversations about the similarities and differences expressed in these narratives. I spent two and a half hours beginning to build relationships with my Muslim counterparts.
At Wornick, we teach comparative religion in our middle school, and have begun planning to build relationships between our students and those from a Muslim school in Sunnyvale. The large banner that adorns the landing between our first and second floors is a gift that was given to us by those students. Their school received a banner that our students decorated and signed. Building relationships of understanding is key to understanding ourselves, and to creating a society that cares and is responsible to each other.
Last week, fourth graders arrived at school in their dress clothes. They quietly filed into the ulam gadol and sat themselves in their designated seats on the right side of the room. On the opposite side sat two judges – a social studies teacher from another independent school, and one of our middle school teachers. Between the two sides was a podium and microphone. On the left sat their parents. This was the fourth grade mission debate that seeks to answer the question, “Were the missions good or bad for California?”
The ensuing debate was the culmination of a month of research, writing and practice in the art of persuasive communications. Each fourth grader stood up and spoke with conviction, and with researched facts defending their side of the debate. There were opening comments, responses to the opposing side, and final arguments. The judges spent considerable time deliberating, and each of the past few years that this debate has taken place, the judges are challenged in determining the winner as both groups are so well prepared and so very articulate.
At this time of year, major projects from all of the classes at Wornick are completed and presented. Last week, fifth graders held their Artist Gallery Walk, which was the culmination of their research about artists and the factors that influenced their work. Soon seventh graders will celebrate the outcome of their Tzedakah projects and eighth graders will assemble their capstone language arts project.
These projects differ in so many ways from the projects of a generation ago, and from the projects at most schools even today. We derive our understanding of projects largely from the work of Ron Berger in The Ethic of Excellence. Our projects include the following:
- Students are exposed to exemplars of excellence.
- Students engaged in authentic, substantial research.
- The project is meaningful for the student – answering a question about which the student is curious.
- Student work goes through multiple drafts/iterations as they learn that excellence requires reworking until a standard of excellence is achieved.
- Students are trained in the art of critiquing and in receiving constructive feedback.
- Projects are assessed through a public performance assessment (i.e. the tzedakah project presentation; the fourth grade debate; the fifth grade artist gallery…).
As we move forward in introducing design thinking to our curriculum in a carefully considered way next year, we will be adding another component to project based learning. We will be asking children to solve real problems in some of their projects.
Choose groups to clone to: